...while blogs make a great deal of fuss about being where the action is, they contain little decent criticism. It is rare to encounter good critical writing on the internet that didn't start life in print form. Lively literary websites—or online magazines with literary sections—do exist, especially in the US: Salon, Slate, the Literary Saloon. But blogging is best suited to instant reaction; it thus has an edge when it comes to disseminating gossip and news. Good criticism requires lengthy reflection and slow maturation. The blogosphere does not provide the optimal conditions for its flourishing.However, while we can smart at that sidewipe, the real concern of Skidelsky's article is the sorry state of print reviewing. Here are the blows he deals in that direction:
Few reviews buck the critical consensus or challenge long-inflated reputations. Review sections have a tendency to be cliquey ...In most review sections, much less space is given to fiction than to non-fiction, discouraging reviewers from tackling the big questions that novels raise—whether aesthetic or political. Reviewers rarely attempt more than a plot summary and some perfunctory reflections on style. Trends are rarely analysed ...Book reviews often display a certain sloppiness or complacency.And here's his final note, which echoes my own previously stated view of the matter:
In the end, though, the squabbles between literary journalists and bloggers miss the point. While both parties have cast themselves as adversaries in a pressing contemporary drama, they really are (or should be) allies in a more important battle—for literature itself, and its right to be taken seriously.He singles out fiction reviewing as the area of criticism where 'aesthetic judgements are not just desirable but necessary', and interestingly yesterday Susan Hill (whom Skidelsky characterizes as championing bloggers) made much the same point and was indeed fiercely critical of those book bloggers who exhibit a herd mentality and eschew independent thought and a concern for aesthetic standards.
Susan Hill is not in fact as combative as her spat with John Sutherland (who so famously appeared to sneer at blook bloggers) made her seem. Recently she said this:
...book-bloggers are word-of-mouthers, amateurs who want to tell not only their friends but a wider circle about what they are reading and enjoying. Their role is different from that of the professional book critic.They are self-appointed and they may not know as much as they think they do. They are also unedited and unregulated.I don't think all litbloggers would characterize themselves in quite this way - as purely enthusiasts and as amateurs - and many part company from her in her policy of positive reviewing, which she sets out in the same post:
I rarely review in the media now but during the forty years I did so, I often had to be, shall we say, less than enthusiastic about a given title. When I blog about books, I only mention those I admire and have enjoyed. If I can`t praise, I do not write about the book.Now I know where she's coming from: there's nothing more depressing than having to slate a book - or even, actually, be less than enthusiastic - when as a writer yourself you know how it can spear the heart of the author. (And of course as a blogger she has every right to set her own literary agenda.) But in fact, as I've said before, as an author I wonder if it's a mistaken kindness. Recently Dovegreyreader, who shares this policy, gave my book a glowing review (I'm pleased to say), and told me that if she hadn't liked it she wouldn't have reviewed it but would have discreetly set it aside. I appreciate her sensitivity, but as it happens I'd rather have a negative review and my book be thus a visible part of literary debate than have it buried in silence. Books like mine - short stories, newish independent press - don't get reviews easily in the newspapers (as Sidelsky indicates), or indeed as easily on the much of the web as those hyped by big publishers. A bad review from Dovegrey would at least have made more people aware of its existence than none - and some readers may have chanced their arm with it to see whether or not they disagreed with her.
Or is it exactly as the newspaper critics claim and Susan Hill herself fears - that all independent thought has gone out of the window and the blogosphere is full of literary 'lemmings'?